Sierra Leone is bounded on the north-west, north and also north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a location of 27,925 square miles. The nest of Sierra Leone originated in the sale and also cession in 1787 by indigenous chiefs to English settlers of an item of land meant as a residence for African settlers that were waifs in London and later on it was made use of as a settlement free of charge African slaves. The hinterland was declared a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone acquired self-reliance on 27th April, 1961 and ended up being a Republic in 1971. Education is supplied by both exclusive and also state-sponsored schools. The existing system of education and learning is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Key institution, 3 years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior high school as well as four years tertiary/higher education. This system is matched by non- official education and learning.
PRINCIPLE OF EDUCATION.
Education and learning is regularly used in the feeling of instruction in the classroom, lab, workshop or residential scientific research room and consists mostly in the passing on by the instructor, and the procurement by students, of information as well as mental along with hands-on skills. A bigger significance than guideline is that of schooling. That is to claim all that takes place within the college as part of the student’s life there. It consists of, to name a few points, partnership between pupils and also educators, pupils and also students both in and also outside the school. J. S. Mill (1931) suggested that whatever helps to shape the human; to make the individual what he is or impede him from being what he is not belongs to his education and learning. Unconditionally education is lifelong as well as common; it is the amount total amount of all impacts which most likely to make a person what he is, from birth to fatality. It consists of the home, our neighbors, and the street to name a few.
Education is to some extent an intentional scheduled procedure devised and also conducted by the teacher with the function of imbuing the student with certain information, skills, of body and mind along with modes of actions thought about preferable. Partly it is the student’s very own reaction to the setting in which he lives. Education has 3 prime focus: the individual/person upon whom the instructor’s impacts are brought to bear; the society or community to which he belongs; and the entire context of reality within which the specific as well as culture play their part. Man is a social creature; he grows as a person via the influence of individuality on character; and even for his fundamental physical requirements he relies on the help as well as collaboration of his fellow males and females. Without culture and the shared assistance and also enrichment of experiences which it gives world is difficult and also the life of guy, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, bad, awful, brutish as well as brief.”.
Among the fundamental truths of human existence is the tension in between the pull of the past and also the forward urge right into the future, between stability and adjustment, practice and innovation. For reliable living, male needs a circle of protection, a location of established behaviors and also partnership which develops reliable relationships. This is additionally real of culture. For its reliable operating there must be a hidden connection of customs and also expectation which preserves its identity as a society as well as safeguards it versus the turbulent effects of change. Modification needs to be forever as well as not static however this modification consequently have to be managed by the fundamental practices of society. It is practice which gives a nation its character as well as distinctiveness as a culture. The preservation of custom for that reason is undoubtedly critical.
It has actually been acknowledged from time immemorial that the conservation of typical education and learning has an important part to play in the advancement of the kid. The youngsters these days are the grownups of tomorrow; they have to be trained consequently, to acquire as well as perpetuate the beliefs and modes of life peculiar to the specific society to which they belong. For each society has the need to preserve itself not just physically however as neighborhood purposely sharing certain aims, suitables and patterns of actions. This type of education and learning is not necessarily official in colleges by means of classroom instruction however that impacted indirectly via the household and also with the influence on the person of social influences and customs which the youngster can not evade. In Sierra Leone this social education and learning included fancy events of initiation involving feats of endurance in which young men as well as ladies must show themselves worthwhile of the community. The utmost objective was to generate a person that was truthful, respectful, knowledgeable, cooperative, as well as that might adapt the social order of the day. As Aristotle once mentioned “the constitution of a state will experience if education is overlooked. The people of a state must constantly be educated to suit the constitution of the state. The sort of character proper to a constitution is the power which remains to maintain it as it is likewise the state force which initially created it”.